Fariin ku socota dhammaan dowladaha xubnaha ka ah Qaramada Midoobay iyo Hogaamiyeyaasha Qaramada Midoobay (Ukraine)

"Dagaalka Ukraine wuxuu halis gelinayaa kaliya maaha horumar waara, laakiin badbaadada aadanaha. Waxaan ugu baaqaynaa dhammaan quruumaha, oo ku shaqeeya si waafaqsan Axdiga Qaramada Midoobay, inay dibloomaasiyadda u adeegaan bini-aadminimada iyagoo dagaalka ku dhameynaya wada xaajood ka hor inta uusan dagaalku dhammaanin dhammaanteen." - Shabakadda Xalka Horumarin Waara, Abriil, 2022

Waxaan ku boorineynaa xubnaha iyo akhristayaasha Ololaha Caalamiga ah ee Waxbarashada Nabadda inay saxiixaan baaqan si ay ugu suurtagasho Qaramada Midoobay inay fuliso mas'uuliyadda ka saaran fududeynta gorgortanka joojinta dagaalka Ukraine, ka hortagga dagaalka nukliyeerka ee hadda khatarta ku ah bini'aadamka iyo Dhulka.

Hordhaca Tafatiraha

TILMAANTA "si loo badbaadiyo jiilalka soo socda..."
Ka bilow inaad laaliso diidmada qayaxan ee golaha ammaanka

Gardarrada Ruushka ee ka dhanka ah Ukraine ayaa shaaca ka qaaday baahida aan la dafiri karin ee loo baahan yahay isbeddel weyn oo ku yimaada nidaamka caalamiga ah, iyada oo kor u qaadeysa suurtagalnimada dagaal nukliyeer ah, qulqulo caalami ah oo ku lug leh dhammaanteen. Inkasta oo dalalka xubnaha ka ah shakhsi ahaan ay taageero militari u fidiyaan iska caabinta Yukreeniyaan, ururka loo xilsaaray xaqiijinta iyo ilaalinta nabadda ma uusan billaabin faragelin muhiim ah oo lagu soo afjarayo iskahorimaadka hubeysan. Iyadoo Qaramada Midoobay ay u muuqato inay ku curyaamisay mid ka mid ah caqabadaha ugu waaweyn ee haysta, ayaa bulshada rayidka ah ee caalamku waxay qaadayaan tallaabo, sida baaqii ay soo saareen. Shabakada Xalka Horumarka Waara (SDSN) ayaa hoos lagu dhejiyay.

GCPE ayaa leh maqaalo dhawaan la soo dhejiyay isagoo xusaya tallaabooyin gaar ah oo loo qaaday dhinaca isbeddelka. Baaqani waxa uu soo jeedinayaa tallaabooyinka lagama maarmaanka ah, oo marka laga reebo joojinta diidmada qayaxan ee Golaha Ammaanka, lagu qaadi karo axdiga Qaramada Midoobay ee hadda jira. The Shabakada Xalka Horumarka Waara, hindise caalami ah oo Qaramada Midoobay ay ku boorinayso tallaabooyinkan; go'aan ka soo baxay Golaha Guud ee ku baaqaya wada xaajood nabadeed; laalista diidmada qayaxan ee golaha ammaanka inta uu nabada ka gorgortamayo; diraya nabadoon si ay nabadda u hirgeliyaan. Tallaabooyinka noocan oo kale ah waxay awood u siin doonaan Qaramada Midoobay inay fuliso ujeeddadeeda aasaasiga ah, "inay ka badbaadiso jiilalka soo socda aafada dagaalka" iyo inay ka badbaadiso jiilkan baabi'inta nukliyeerka.

Tani iyo dhejintii hore Waxay tixraaceen suurtogalnimada kale ee tallaabo Qaramada Midoobay. Qoraalada xiga waxay diiradda saari doonaan fursadaha kale ee ku jira cahdiga hadda jira iyo suurtogalnimada dib u eegis jaartarka kaas oo ballan qaadaya tallaabo ballaaran oo ka sii badan oo khuseeya qaybta hay'adda caalamiga ah ee kaliya ee jirta ee loo xilsaaray joojinta dagaalka. Mid ka mid ah soo jeedinta lagu soo bandhigay tixgelin xirfadeed iyo tallaabo siyaasadeed oo ka mid ah xubnaha GCPE, akhristayaasha, iyo goobta waxbarashada nabadda waa la baabi'in doonaa: Golaha Ammaanka veto; hubka nukliyeerka; iyo xaruntii dagaalka. Dhammaan barayaasha nabada iyo ardaydu waxay qaadan karaan tixgalinta isbeddelada Qaramada Midoobay iyo nidaamka caalamiga ah ee sidoo kale u adeegi kara "dhaminta dhibaatada dagaalka."

Fadlan saxiix qoraalka halkan ku dheji, dadka kale gaadhsii, nuqulna u dir wasiirka arrimaha dibadda ee qarankaaga ama wax u dhigma iyo wakiilkaaga joogtada ah ee Qaramada Midoobay (Safiirka Qaramada Midoobay.) [BAR, 4/17/22]

Fariin ku socota dhammaan dowladaha xubnaha ka ah Qaramada Midoobay iyo madaxda Qaramada Midoobay

(Waxaa daabacay: Ururka SDSN. Abriil 15, 2022).

halkan guji si aad u saxiixdo bayaanka

Ka socda Xubnaha Golaha Hoggaanka ee Shabakadda Xalka Horumarka Waara ee Qaramada Midoobay iyo Xubnaha Bulshada SDSN [1]

April 14, 2022

Dagaalka Ukraine ma aha oo kaliya khatar ku ah horumarka waara, laakiin badbaadada aadanaha. Waxaan ugu baaqaynaa dhammaan ummadaha ku shaqeeya si waafaqsan Axdiga Qaramada Midoobay, in ay dublamaasiyadda u adeegaan bini'aadminimada iyagoo dagaalka ku dhameynaya wadahadal ka hor inta uusan dagaalku dhammaanin dhammaanteen.

Caalamku waa inuu si degdeg ah ugu soo noqdaa tubta nabadda. Waxaa barakaysan nabad-doonayaasha, ayuu Ciise ku barayaa Injiillada. Qur'aanku wuxuu u yeedhay kuwa xaqa ah Dar as-Salaam, hoygii nabadda. Budada wax bara ahimsa, colaad la'aan dhammaan noolaha. Ishacyaah wuxuu wax sii sheegay maalinta quruuntu aanay mar dambe quruun la dagaallami doonin, ama aanay mar dambe dagaal u tababaran doonin.

Nabadda iyo amniga caalamiga ah waa ujeeddooyinka ugu horreeya ee Qaramada Midoobay. Wadamada dunidu kuma dhiiradaan inay nabad ku soo dabaalaan Ukraine saacadaha muhiimka ah ee soo socda.

Duullaanka Ruushka ee Ukraine waa wax laga xumaado, naxariis-darro, iyo karaamo-xumo, sida uu yiri Pope Francis, isagoo ka dhigaya raadinta nabadda baahidayada degdegga ah. Tani waxay si gaar ah run u tahay iska horimaad millatari oo ka sii xun ayaa ka socda Bariga Ukraine. Madaxweyne Vladimir Putin ayaa dhawaan ku dhawaaqay wadahadalada nabada inay yihiin "dhammaad dhintay." Dunidu ma aqbali karto tan. Dhammaan dalalka iyo Qaramada Midoobay waa inay ku dadaalaan sidii ay dib ugu soo noolayn lahaayeen wada-hadallada nabadda iyo sidii ay dhinacyadu u gaadhi lahaayeen heshiis guul leh oo degdeg ah.

Nabaddu waxay u baahan tahay wadahadal iyo diblomaasiyad, ma aha hub aad u culus oo ugu dambeyntii u horseedi doona Ukraine si ay u burburto. Dariiqa kordhinta militariga ee Ukraine waa mid la dammaanad qaaday silica iyo quusta. Weli waxaa ka sii daran, kororka millatari wuxuu halis gelinayaa iskahorimaad ku soo qulqulaya Armageddoon.

Taariikhdu waxay muujinaysaa in Xiisadda Gantaalada Kuuba ay ku dhowdahay in uu horseedo dagaal Nukliyeer ah xataa ka dib Hogaamiyayaasha Maraykanka iyo Midowga Soofiyeeti waxay gaadheen xal diblumaasiyadeed. Sababta oo ah isfaham la'aan, markab hoosaadkii Midowga Soofiyeeti ee naafada ahaa ayaa ku dhawaaday inuu bilaabo torpedo caarada nukliyeerka ah kaasoo kicin kara jawaab celin buuxda oo nukliyeer ah oo uu bixiyo Mareykanka. Kaliya ficillada geesinimada leh ee hal sarkaal oo ka tirsan xisbiga Soofiyeedka ee markabka hoostiisa ayaa joojiyay rasaastii torpedo, taas oo badbaadisay adduunka.

Ruushka iyo Ukrain waxa hubaal ah in ay gaadhi karaan heshiis fulinaya labada ujeedo ee aasaasiga ah ee Axdiga Qaramada Midoobay: Midnimada dhuleed iyo amniga Ukraine iyo Ruushka labadaba.

Madaxwaynaha Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky ayaa mar horeba aqoonsaday xal diblumaasiyadeed: Dhexdhexaadnimada Ukraine - xubin ka tirsan NATO - iyo madaxbanaanideeda dhuleed ee uu sugay sharciga caalamiga ah. Ciidamada Ruushka waa in ay ka baxaan Ukraine, laakiin maaha in lagu badalo ciidamada NATO ama hub culus. Waxaan ogsoonahay in Axdiga Qaramada Midoobay uu isticmaalo ereyada "nabad" iyo "nabad" 49 jeer, laakiin marnaba marna ma isticmaalo ereyga "isbahaysiga" ama weedha "isbahaysiga militariga."

Isku dhacyadu waxay ku yimaadaan si fudud, halka gorgortankuna uu u baahan yahay caqli iyo karti. Xubnaha Qaramada Midoobay ayaa si weyn ugu kala qaybsan fahamka colaadda, laakiin waa in ay si buuxda ugu midoobaan danta ay wadaagaan ee ah xabbad-joojin degdeg ah, joojinta weerarrada ka dhanka ah dadka rayidka ah, iyo soo celinta nabadda. Dagaalku wuxuu keenayaa dhimasho aad u xun iyo burbur aad u xun - boqolaal balaayiin dollar oo waxyeelo ah ayaa soo gaadhay magaalooyinka Ukraine, kuwaas oo lagu soo koobay burbur toddobaadyo kaliya - iyo fowdo dhaqaale oo sii kordheysa oo adduunka oo dhan ah: qiimaha cuntada oo sii kordhaya iyo yaraanta, malaayiin qaxooti ah, burburka ganacsiga caalamiga ah iyo silsiladaha sahayda, iyo xasillooni darrada siyaasadeed ee sii kordheysa ee adduunka oo dhan, taasoo ku dhufatay quruumaha iyo qoysaska ugu saboolsan culaysyo ba'an.

Golaha Ammaanka ee Qaramada Midoobay (UNSC) waxa uu saaran yahay mas'uuliyadda muqadas ah ee adduunku ka saaran yahay ilaalinta nabadda. Qaar ayaa sheegaya in UNSC aysan doorkan la ciyaari karin Ruushka Golaha Ammaanka. Haddana aragtidani gebi ahaanba waa khaldan tahay. UNSC waxay si sax ah u sugi kartaa nabadda sababtoo ah Ruushka, Shiinaha, Mareykanka, Faransiiska, iyo Boqortooyada Midowday ee Ingiriiska ayaa dhamaantood ah xubno joogto ah. Shantan xubnood ee joogtada ah, oo ay weheliyaan tobanka xubnood ee kale ee UNSC, waa inay wada xaajoodaan midba midka kale si loo helo waddo hore loo sii ilaalin karo oo ilaalinaysa midnimada dhuleed ee Ukraine iyada oo la daboolayo baahiyaha amniga ee Ukraine, Ruushka, iyo runtii 191-ka waddan ee kale ee xubnaha ka ah Qaramada Midoobay. .

Waxaan bogaadinaynaa dadaalka geesinimada iyo hal-abuurka leh ee Madaxweyne Tayyip Erdogan ee Turkiga si uu u caawiyo labada dhinac si ay heshiis u helaan, haddana waxaan ka cabanaynaa wada-hadallada tooska ah ee Golaha Ammaanka ee Qaramada Midoobay. Ma ku baaqayno dhawaqyo kale oo dublamaasiyiintu isku tuurayaan weerarrada. Waxaan ku baaqaynaa wada xaajood dhab ah oo uu hagayo Axdiga Qaramada Midoobay. Nabadda waxa aynu kaga hadlaynaa sharciga Qaramada Midoobay, ee maaha in loo maro awood, hanjabaad iyo isbahaysi ciidan oo kala qaybiya.

Ma aha inaynu xasuusino ummadaha aduunka jilicsanaanta xun ee maalmahan. Dagaalku wuxuu halis gelinayaa in saacadba saacada ka dambeysa uu sii xumaan doono. Waxayna tani dhacdaa inta lagu jiro cudurka faafa ee COVID-19, kaasoo galaafatay ku dhawaad ​​5,000 oo qof maalin kasta. Xitaa hadda, sannadkii saddexaad ee masiibada, dunidu waxay ku guul darreysatay inay bixiso qiyaasaha tallaalka ee saboolka iyo jilicsan ee adduunka oo ay ku guuldareysatay qayb yar sababtoo ah xiisadaha juqraafi ahaaneed ee ka dhex jira quruumaha soo saara tallaalka.

Barakaca baaxadda leh ee qaxootiga iyo gaajada sii kordheysa ee adduunka oo dhan sababtuna tahay dagaalka Ukraine ayaa hadda khatar gelinaya cudurro, dhimasho, xasillooni darro iyo dhibaato dhaqaale oo qoto dheer oo soo wajahda waddamada saboolka ah. Dagaalka iyo masiibada ka danbeysa waa bahal qunyar u socda oo ah isbeddelka cimilada ee bini'aadmigu keenay, hoog kale oo bini'aadamka u soo jiidaya jiirta. Warbixintii ugu dambeysay ee IPCC waxay ina xasuusinaysaa inaan daalnay xadka badqabka cimilada. Waxaan u baahanahay tallaabo cimilo oo degdeg ah. Haddana dagaalku wuxuu daadiyaa dareenka, iskaashiga dhinacyada badan leh, iyo maalgelinta loo baahan yahay si aan nooga samatabbixinno xaaladda degdegga ah ee cimileed ee aan samaynay.

Barayaasha iyo madaxda jaamacadaha, waxaan sidoo kale aqoonsannahay mas'uuliyadda sare ee naga saaran ardaydeena. Waa in aan barno ma aha oo kaliya aqoonta sayniska iyo farsamada si loo gaaro horumar waara, sida ay muhiimka u yihiin mawduucyadaas maanta, laakiin sidoo kale baro waddooyinka nabadda, xalinta dhibaatooyinka, iyo xallinta khilaafaadka. Waa in aan barbaarinnaa dhallinta si ay dhallinyaradu maanta u helaan xikmad ay ku ixtiraamaan kala-duwanaanshaha caalamiga ah iyo in ay si nabad ah ku xalliyaan khilaafyada, iyada oo loo marayo gor-gortan iyo isu-tanaasul ka fiirsasho leh.

Annaga oo ka duulayna axdiga Qaramada Midoobay iyo Baaqa Caalamiga ah ee Xuquuqul Insaanka, waxaanu ugu baaqaynaa dhammaan quruumaha Golaha loo dhan yahay ee Qaramada Midoobay, si wada jir ah oo aan laga reebin, inay qaataan qaraar ku baaqaya nabad gorgortan degdeg ah oo buuxisa baahiyaha iyo amniga Ukraine, Ruushka , iyo dhammaan ummadaha kale.

Waxaan ugu baaqaynaa Golaha Ammaanka ee Qaramada Midoobay inay ku kulmaan kulan degdeg ah, inta ay lagama maarmaan tahay, si loo hubiyo in miisaanka buuxa ee Axdiga Qaramada Midoobay la keeno si loo soo afjaro dagaalka Ukraine iyada oo loo marayo hab diblomaasiyadeed.

Waxaan ugu baaqaynaa xubnaha joogtada ah ee UNSC inay ku gorgortamaan diblumaasiyad halkii ay ka ahaan lahaayeen iska-hor-imaad iyo inay ogaadaan in nabadda dhabta ahi ay tahay inay buuxiso baahiyaha amniga ee dalalka oo dhan. Ma jirto baahi ama meel loogu talagalay diidmada qayaxan; heshiiska cadaalada ah waxaa taageeri doona dhamaan umadaha oo dhan waxaana taageeri kara ciidamada nabad ilaalinta Qaramada Midoobay.

Ukraine, iyada oo qaddarinteeda qoto dheer leh, waxay muujisay inay diyaar u tahay inay la kulanto Ruushka shuruudo macquul ah; Ruushku hadda waa inuu sidaas oo kale sameeyaa. Caalamkuna waa in uu labadan qaran ku caawiyo sidii ay hawshan adag u gudan lahaayeen

Ugu dambayntii, waxaan ugu baaqaynaa dhammaan dawladaha iyo siyaasiyiinta inay xoogga saaraan qadiyadda diblumaasiyadda oo ay hoos u dhigaan xayndaabka, ku baaqaya in la sii huriyo, iyo xitaa furfurnaanta dagaal caalami ah. Dagaalka caalamiga ah maanta waa inuu ahaadaa mid aan la malayn karin, maadaama aysan ahayn wax kale oo aan ahayn heshiis is-dilid ah oo bini'aadminimo ah, ama heshiis dil ah oo siyaasiyiin ah.

Nabaddu maaha raaxo, nabadoonna maaha fulay. Nabadoonadu waa difaaca ugu geesisan bini aadamka.

Jeffrey Sachs, Madaxweynaha, Shabakadda Xalka Horumarinta Waara ee Qaramada Midoobay (SDSN); Professor jaamacadeed, Jaamacadda Columbia

Anthony Annett, Gabelli Fellow, Jaamacadda Fordham

Tamer Atabarut, Agaasimaha, Xarunta Waxbarashada Nolosha Dheer ee Jaamacadda Bogazici (BULLC); Xubin ka tirsan Guddiga, Akadeemiyada Sustainability (SA); Xubinta Golaha Sare & Wakiilka Akhristayaasha, Golaha Saxaafadda ee Turkiga; Xubin ka tirsan Guddiga Hoggaaminta & Madaxweynihii hore, Golaha Jaamacadaha Turkiga ee sii wadaya xarumaha waxbarashada (TUSEM)

Danjire Richard L. Bernal, Professor of Practice, SALISES, Jaamacadda Galbeedka Hindiya

Irina Bokova, Agaasimihii Guud ee hore ee UNESCO

Helen Bond, Ku-xigeenka Jaamacadda ee Manhajka iyo Tilmaamaha, Dugsiga Waxbarashada, Jaamacadda Howard; Gudoomiyaha Xisbiga SDSN USA

Jeffrey Cheah, Gudoomiyaha Jaamacadda Sunway | Gudoomiyaha, SDSN Malaysia

Jacqueline Corbelli, Aasaasaha iyo Maamulaha Guud, Isbahaysiga Maraykanka ee Joogteynta

Mouhamadou Diakhaté, Professor, Université Gaston Berger

Hendrik du Toit, Aasaasihii & Maamulaha Guud, Kow iyo Sagaashan

Jennifer Stengaard Gross, Co-founder Blue Chip Foundation

Pavel KabatXoghayaha Guud, Barnaamijka Sayniska Xudduudda Aadanaha; Madaxii hore ee saynisyahan, WMO-UN; Agaasimaha Guud ee hore, IIASA

Brighton Kaoma, Agaasimaha Caalamiga ah, Shabakadda Xalka Horumarinta Joogtada ah ee Qaramada Midoobay - Dhallinyarada

Phoebe Kounduri, Professor, Dugsiga Dhaqaalaha, Jaamacadda Athens ee Dhaqaalaha & Ganacsiga; Madaxweynaha, Ururka Yurub ee Dhaqaalaha Deegaanka iyo Khayraadka Dabiiciga ah (EAERE)

Zlatko Lagumdzija, Professor, Ra'iisul Wasaarihii hore ee Bosnia iyo Herzegovina; la-guddoomiyaha Western Balkan SDSN

Upmanu Lall, Agaasime, Xarunta Biyaha Columbia; Saynisyahanka Cilmi-baarista Sare, Machadka Cilmi-baarista Caalamiga ah ee Cimilada & Bulshada; Alan & Carol Silberstein Professor of Engineering, Columbia University

Felipe Larrain Bascuña Professor dhaqaalaha, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Klaus M. Leisinger, Madaxweynaha, Isbahaysiga Qiimaha Caalamiga ah ee Aasaaska; Lataliyihii hore ee gaarka ah ee Xoghayaha Guud ee Qaramada Midoobay ee Heshiiska Caalamiga ah ee Qaramada Midoobay

Justin Yifu Lin, Dean, Machadka Dhaqaalaha Dhismaha Cusub & Machadka Iskaashiga iyo Horumarinta Koonfur-Koonfurta, Dugsiga Horumarinta Qaranka, Jaamacadda Peking

Gordon G. Liu, Jaamacadda Peking BOYA Professor ku takhasusay dhaqaalaha ee Dugsiga Horumarinta Qaranka; iyo Madaxa Machadka PKU ee Caafimaadka iyo Horumarinta Caalamiga ah

Siamak Loni, Agaasimaha, Barnaamijka Dugsiyada Caalamiga ah, Shabakadda Xalka Horumarka Waara ee Qaramada Midoobay (SDSN)

Gordon McCord, Associate Teaching Professor & Associate Dean, Dugsiga Siyaasadda iyo Istaraatiijiyada Caalamiga ah, Jaamacadda California, San Diego

Miguel Ángel Moratinos, Wasiirkii hore ee Arrimaha Dibadda Spain

Joanna Newman, Xiriiriye Sare oo Cilmi-baaris ah, King's College London

Amadou Ibra Niang, CEO, Afrik Innovations

Ngozi Ifeoma Odiaka, Professor, Waaxda Wax-soo-saarka Dalagga, Kulliyadda Agronomy, Jaamacadda Federaalka ee Beeraha Makurdi, Gobolka Benue, Nigeria (Hadda Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University)

Roza Otunbayeva, Madaxweynihii hore ee Kyrgyzstan, Madaxa Aasaaska "Initiatives of Roza Otunbayeva"

Antoni Plasència, Agaasimaha Guud, Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)

Labode Popoola, Professor of Economics Forest & Horumarinta Joogtada ah, Waaxda Bulshada iyo Deegaanka kaynta, Kuliyadda Khayraadka Dabiiciga ah ee La cusboonaysiin karo, Jaamacadda Ibadan

Stefano Quintarelli, Ganacsadaha Internetka

Sabina Ratti, Isbahaysiga Talyaaniga ee Horumarka Waarta, Laudato Si Action Platform iyo Xubinta fulinta Fuori Quota

Irwin Redlener, Aqoonyahan Cilmi-baaris Sare, Jaamacadda Columbia; Professor Clinical of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Angelo Riccaboni, Professor, Dugsiga Dhaqaalaha iyo Maareynta, Jaamacadda Siena; Guddoomiye, PRIMA Foundation

Katherine Richardson, Professor iyo Hogaamiyaha Xarunta Sayniska Sustainability, Jaamacadda Kobanheegan

SE Mons Marcelo Sanchez, Chancellor, The Pontifical Academy of Sciences

Mudane Khaliifa Maxamed Sanusi II, Qareenka UN SDG iyo Amiirka 14-aad ee Kano

Marco F. Simoes Coelho, Professor iyo Cilmi-baare, Xarunta COPPEAD ee Daraasaadka Ganacsiga Caalamiga ah, Rio de Janeiro

David Smith, Iskuduwaha, Machadka Horumarinta Joogtada ah, Jaamacadda Galbeedka Hindiya

Nicolaos Theodossiou, Professor Associate, Waaxda Injineerinka Madaniga ah, Dugsiga Farsamada, Jaamacadda Aristotle ee Thessaloniki

John ThwaitesGuddoomiyaha, Monash Sustainable Development Institute

Rocky S. Tuan, Guddoomiye-ku-xigeenka iyo Guddoomiyaha, Jaamacadda Shiinaha ee Hong Kong

Albert van Jaarsveld, Agaasimaha Guud, Machadka Caalamiga ah ee Falanqaynta Nidaamyada Applied (IIASA)

Patrick Paul Walsh, Professor Full of International Development Studies, University College Dublin

Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Courtney Sale Ross Professor of Globalization and Education iyo

Bare jaamacadeed, Jaamacadda New York

Soogil Young, Gudomiye Sharafeedka, SDSN South Korea

*Haddii aad rabto inaad saxeexdo bayaanka, fadlan tag halkan.

____________________________________________________

[1] Shabakadda Xalka Horumarka Waara ee Qaramada Midoobay (SDSN) waa shabakad caalami ah oo ka kooban jaamacado, aqoonyahanno, siyaasiyiin, hoggaamiyeyaal ganacsi, iyo hoggaamiyeyaal caqiido ah oo hoos yimaada xoghayaha guud ee Qaramada Midoobay António Guterres. Hadafkayagu waa in aan gacan ka geysanno in aan ogaanno waddooyinka loo maro horumar waara.

Soo deji pdf-ka halkan

ku dhow

Ku biir Ololaha oo nagu caawi #SpreadPeaceEd!

Noqo kuwa ugu horreeya ee faallo bixiya

Ku biir wadahadalka ...