Faʻafefea e Digital Games mafai ona lagolagoina le filemu Aʻoaʻoga ma Feteʻenaʻiga Faʻafitauli

Malamalama, Vaaiga ma le Maopoopo: Faʻafefea ona lagolagoina e le Digital Games le Filemu o Aʻoaʻoga ma Fofo o Faʻafitauli.

Saunia e Paul Darvasi, Iunivesite o York
O se pepa galue na lolomiina e le Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development / UNESCO

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faʻatomuaga

Talu mai le lauiloa o taʻaloga vitio i le amataga o le vaitau o le 1970, ua taufaʻaleaga i latou e tala faʻasalalau e fesoʻotaʻi ma latou i sauaga, vaisu ma amioga faʻasoesa. O lo latou taʻutaʻua ma le autalavou, o le aufaasālalau faifai pea faʻamamafaina i luga o vevesi mataupu ma se lagona latou te luʻitauina agafesoʻotaʻi faiga faʻatauaina faatupuina a le popolevale popole tasi faʻasao mo comic tusi ma rock and roll musika (Ferguson, 2008; Sternheimer, 2007; Trend, 2007). Faʻasalaga a matua popole, taʻitaʻi lotu ma le aufaipolokiki o se masani vaega o North American faʻasalalau talaʻi uila i le amataga o aʻoga fana ma isi taimi o talavou vevesi (Ferguson, 2008). E le gata i lea, o taʻaloga vitio e masani ona manatu o se "faʻamaimau taimi" ma le ono faʻaosofia o le taofiofia o mafaufau talavou gofie e tosoina i latou mai le aʻoga, taʻaloga ma le fealofani faʻafesoʻotaʻiga (Ferguson, 2008; Hellman, Schoenmakers, Nordstrom & van Holst, 2013). O nei atugaluga e le o ni mafuaʻaga, ae ua le faʻatusalia puleʻaga ma faʻataʻitaʻi talanoaga lautele i le totogiina o se sili atu paleni manatu e ono ono mafaufauina ono aoga o lenei tulaʻi mai ma faʻateleina salalau auala. I le sefulu tausaga ua tuanaʻi, peitaʻi, o se faʻasologa o mea taua ua faʻatasia ua avea ai nei ma digital games i se malamalamaaga sili atu ona alofagia. I aso nei, ua atili ai ona faʻaaogaina taʻaloga vitio mo faʻamoemoe o aʻoaʻoga, soifua maloloina ma lelei lautele.

Faʻafuainumera ma feaveaʻi taʻaloga ua vave avea ma sili ona faʻaumatia ai le lalolagi ma faʻapea o lea e sili ona tautaua aganuu alamanuia. O le tamaoaiga, o le lalolagi maketi taʻaloga video o loʻo faamoemoe e maua ai le silia i le $ 100 piliona tala e le 2017 (Sinclair, 2015), sili atu nai lo ata ma musika ma, i le Iunaite Setete, tupe maua mai vitio taʻaloga ua sili atu ata tifaga ma musika tuʻufaʻatasia (Faʻafiafiaga Polokalama Polokalama, 2015). O loʻo lipotia mai foʻi e le Entertainment Software Association (2015), o polokalame taʻaloga ma suʻesuʻega o loʻo olaola i kolisi ma iunivesite, ma atili faʻailoaina ai le alualu i luma o le tamaoaiga ma aga fesoʻotaʻi. O le Initaneti ma faʻafuainumera tufatufaina auala pei o Valve's lauiloa ausa tautua ua tatalaina le faitotoʻa mo laiti potu ma atinaʻe e taugata faʻalauiloa ma faʻatau atu a latou taʻaloga i le salafa o le kelope e aunoa ma le faasaina tau o mea gaosia ma tufatufaina (Broekhuizen, Lampel & Rietveld, 2013). Le faʻateleina o taʻaloga suʻesuʻega ma taʻaloga taʻaloga polokalame faʻatasi ai ma gafatia gaosiga ma tufatufaina tau na mafua ai le pa o faʻataʻitaʻiga ma faatufugaga i totonu o le auala, luitauina le vaapiapi formulaic ma maketi-saogalemu auala masani na fiafia i ai potu tetele.

Aʻo faʻataʻitaʻia e taʻaloga a vitio le faʻateleina o le aʻafiaga o tu ma aganuu a le lalolagi, ua latou o ese mai amioga mama o le sosaiete e avea ma faʻataʻitaʻiga o le 21st seneturi (Flanagan & Nissenbaum, 2014). I lana Manifesto mo le Ludic Century, na taʻua ai e le tusiata o le taʻaloga ma le tagata poto o Dr. Eric Zimmerman (2013) lo tatou manatu ua tatou i le amataga o le "ludic seneturi", lea o faatufugaga, tisaini, faʻafiafiaga, faʻapisinisi ma aʻoga o le a faʻateleina ona avea ma taʻaloga masani. faʻalauteleina le aapa atu o taʻaloga aganuʻu e mamanuina uma itu o le olaga. E faʻapena foi, talitonu le aufaasālalau Dr. Henry Jenkins talitonu o le a avea i latou ma ata o le 21st seneturi (Smithsonian, 2012). Afai o taʻaloga vitio o se moni faʻataʻitaʻiga o le numera numera, o latou aʻafiaga o le a faʻalauteleina i vaega uma o le sosaiete, e aofia ai le galuega o feteʻenaʻiga ma le filemu aʻoaʻoga.

O le fuafuaina ma le faʻaaogaina o taʻaloga vitio mo aʻoaʻoga ma le aʻoaʻoina e le o se tala fou. O le Oregon Trail, o se taʻaloga na fuafuaina e aʻoaʻoina e uiga i le amataga o Amerika nofoia olaga sa i le potuaoga faʻaaoga i le ogatotonu o le 1970, ma tamaiti aʻoga i le 1980s aʻoaʻoina e uiga i talaʻaga ma faʻafanua ao taʻalo i le lauiloa O fea i le Lalolagi o Carmen Sandiego (Young et al, 2012 ). Peitai, o le aafiaga o nei tagata muamua, na faaitiitia e tekonolosi tapulaʻa, o le le talitonu tagata lautele, tapulaa faʻatupeina, ma le tumau o le mea moni o ata vitio fuafuaina mo aʻoga na le fiafia i tamaiti aʻoga i le tutusa auala ma a latou paʻaga faʻatauvaʻa (Sherry, 2015). O aso nei, o le pa mai o le atinaʻeina o taʻaloga, o le tulaʻi mai o le Initaneti, ua faʻaavanoaina le faʻaaogaina o tekonolosi, ma le tuputupu aʻe o suʻesuʻega o loʻo suʻesuʻeina fetaulaʻiga o numera ma taʻaloga numera (Gee, 2003; Squire, 2011; Granic, Lobel & Engels, 2013 ) ua gaosia se lelei tau mo le faʻaaogaina o numera numera mo aʻoaʻoga, aʻoaʻoga ma toleniga. Masalo o le mea e sili ona taua, o faʻaleaʻoaʻoga faʻaleaʻoaʻoga o taʻaloga vitio ono faʻamaonia se taua ma talafeagai fesoʻotaʻiga meafaigaluega aʻoaʻoga e faʻatino ai se augatupulaga o tamaiti aʻoaʻoina fesoʻotaʻiga ma auai faʻasalalauga (Jenkins, Purushotma, Weigel, Clinton & Robison, 2009).

Suʻesuʻega i aoga ma aʻoaʻoga penefiti o vitio taʻaloga na faia taua i luma i le sefululima tausaga talu ai. O le seminal galuega a Dr. James Paul Gee o loʻo faʻataʻoto mai ai le tolusefulu-ono eseese "aʻoaʻoga mataupu faʻavae" e mafai ona faʻatupuina mai le taalo i pisinisi vitio taʻaloga (Gee, 2003). Granic et al. (2013) iloiloina tusitusiga o loʻo suʻesuʻeina le aoga lautele ma aʻoaʻoga aoga o vitio taʻaloga ma faʻaiʻuina ai e mafai ona latou saunia "loloto ma faʻamalosia le va fealoai, malamalama, ma lagona lagona" (i. 66). Na latou tusia foi o ata vitio e tuʻuina atu i ai le mafaufau lelei penefiti e mafai ona faʻafesoʻotaʻi atu i mea moni o le lalolagi, faʻagaioia e avea ma 'upega tafaʻilagi e faʻafetaia ai le fofoina o agavaʻa ma faʻalauteleina le fatufatuaʻi. E ui lava i nei iloa lelei penefiti, Granic et al. (2013) foi lapatai faapea o le "faaosofia, lagona, ma agafesootai aafiaga o taʻaloga e sili atu ona faigata ma faigata ona faʻavaivaia" (i. 70). E ui lava i nei tulaga alualu i luma, sailiiliga ma le faʻatinoina o numera numera mo aʻoga o loʻo amataina i laʻasaga amata, ma tele galuega tumau pea ia malamalama lelei pe faʻafefea ona latou gafatia mafai ona faʻaaogaina e gaosia ma asini faʻapitoa aʻoaʻoga taunuʻuga.

O lenei pepa o le a talanoaina pe faʻafefea ona fetaui lelei taʻaloga numera e faʻalautele ai le galuega o le filemu aʻoaʻoga ma feteʻenaʻiga fofo. E i ai le le lava o suʻesuʻega e faʻapitoa lava suʻesuʻega pe faʻafefea le numera o taʻaloga, pei o le malosi ma fesoʻotaʻiga meafaigaluega aʻoaʻoga, mafai ona faʻaaogaina e lagolago ma faʻalauteleina le vavalalata fesoʻotaʻiga o le filemu aʻoaʻoga poʻo feteʻenaʻi fofo; ae ui i lea, o suʻesuʻega i le tele o vāega talafeagai o le a faʻafaigaluegaina e malamalama atili ai i le autu ma faʻailoa avanoa mo nisi galuega. A maeʻa le faʻauigaina o faʻaupuga taua, o le vaega muamua o le a talanoaina puʻupuʻu le faʻamoemoe o le filemu aʻoaʻoga ma fesoʻotaʻiga feteʻenaʻi fofo ma pe faʻafefea ona fesoasoani numera komepiuta i le faʻafaigofieina o fesoʻotaʻiga vavalalata ma galulue faʻatasi. O le fatu o le pepa o le a suʻesuʻeina tele ogaoga taʻaloga mo latou gafatia e totoina vaʻaiga-aveina ma le malamalama, saili faʻafitauli mama, faʻalauteleina malamalamaaga faʻaleaganuʻu ma faʻamalosia se lagona o le fusia, uma taua vaega i le galuega o le filemu aʻoaʻoga ma feteʻenaʻi fofo. O le vaega mulimuli o le a talanoaina le taua o talaaga ma manatunatuga pe a faʻatinoina numera komepiuta ma mafaufau pe mafai ona latou faia ni taimi uʻumi, tumau suiga i amioga ma uiga.

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