Ottoman miniature of the siege of Belgrade by Mehmed II in 1456. (Photo by WikipediaUser “Dencey”, 2017 © Public Domain,

Ottoman History and Peace Education

ince the dawn of the new millennium, humanity has been confronted with many problems. These include starvation, poverty, racism, ethnic hatred, wars, terrorism, genocide, environmental pollution, illegal immigration, violence, street crimes and intolerance. In order to solve these issues, education can play an important role; it can also render our world both pleasanter and kinder. Moreover, education can help students to develop skills for practical thinking, problem solving and co-operating with each other. Besides encouraging creativity, innovation and communication, peace education can drive students towards a more conscientious, tolerant, peaceful and democratic way of thinking.

Blacked Out History Rebellion Curriculum Toolkit by Dream Defenders

In February and March, Dream Defenders, an uprising of communities in struggle, shifting culture through transformational organizing, engaged their base through a cultural art education project that focused on revolutionary organizations from around the world and highlighted their elements of rebellion. As a result, they produced the “Blacked Out History Rebellion Curriculum Toolkit” to distribute to teachers and students to give them the opportunity to learn about these rebellions and have the political analysis necessary to take on structural issues impacting their communities.

Tragic Pages: How the GDR, FRG and Japan Processed Their War History–Lessons for Education for Peace

Robert Aspeslagh (1992) describes the ways in which Japan and the German nations have taught the history of World War II. The document argues that there is a continued need for peace education concerning World War II, but there is also a need to avoid negative politicization of the issue.